In the light of recent developments and with Assad in a position of strength, and Russia in the driving seat, Joris Couvreur looks ahead attempting to outline the way forward considering the interests of the major actors. Will the ceasefire last and will the peace process gain momentum?
The West’s response to the democratic backsliding occurring in Turkey under Erdogan (which is accelerating post-coup) should be the steadfast support of bottom-up democratisation efforts in Turkey. However, if the West decides that strategic interests in Turkey trump liberal principles, its weakening liberal international order will be hit further and hasten the arrival of a post-Western order.
Following the attacks in Paris, Sven Biscop argues that while the West and Europe are at war with Islamic State it is time for a new offensive – a diplomatic offensive.
Over the past two decades America’s military presence in and strategic attention towards Europe has continuously dwindled, but the intention to now ‘pivot’ towards the Asia-Pacific region raises questions over the sustainability of a European political order that for decades has been largely built around an American presence.
In this article, James Rogers and Luis Simon look at the potential geopolitical consequences of the operation to remove Gaddafi from power in Libya.