Style guidelines

European Geostrategy adheres to the following style guidelines:

General guidelines
  • For each submission, include a brief abstract (no longer than three lines) at the end.
  • If you are not a Senior or Associate Editor, please include your name and affiliation.
  • For a standard article, the word limit is 800 words.
  • For a ‘Long Post’, the word limit is 1,400 words.
  • For a book review, the word limit is 600 words.
  • For an interview, use between four and eight questions and keep answers to one short paragraph per question.
  • To contact the Senior Editors with queries about articles please click here.
Grammar and spelling
  • Use British spellings: use -ise and -yse spellings. Use labour instead of labor, neighbour instead of neighbor, programme instead of program, etc.
  • For possessives ending in ‘s’ do not add another ‘s’, e.g. James’ house.
  • Do not use ampersand symbols (i.e. ‘&’).
  • Do not place a comma before ‘and’ in a list – e.g. one, two and three.
  • Do not use contractions, e.g. don’t, shouldn’t and can’t.
  • Hyphenate double words like state-building, peace-building and decision-making but not words such as geopolitical, geostrategic or multilateral.
Punctuation and formatting
  • Use [square brackets] to denote a line space and author comments such as [emphasis added].
  • Opt for medium sized hyphens (e.g. – ) and ensure a space between hyphens and words (e.g. – hello).
  • Remove all spaces between paragraphs and all forms of indentation.
  • Define an abbreviation the first time that it is used (no matter how common): write the term out in full followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Use the abbreviation consistently thereafter, including at the start of sentences.
  • Add full stops after abbreviated prefixes, e.g., Mr., Mrs. and Dr.
  • US not U.S.; EU not E.U.; NATO not N.A.T.O.
  • In sentence use ‘for example’ not e.g., but in parenthesis use e.g. not ‘for example’.
  • 10,000 not 10.000 and 5,500 not 5500.
  • Percent not per cent or %.
  • From one to ninety-nine spell-out each number in full. From 100 onwards use numerals.
  • One-half not 1/2.
  • 100 kilometres not 100km or 100 km.
  • Six centimetres not six cm.
  • All currency should be in Euros, albeit with the pounds sterling equivalent in brackets beside it, i.e., €500 million (£450 million). €150 million, not millions or mlns.
  • For lists use 1., 2., 3., 4., and not a., b., c., d.
  • 30th September 2003 not September 30th, 2003.
  • 1960s not 60s. Use mid-1970s. Use 1990-1995 not 1990-95.
  • ‘Twentieth century’ not 20th century or XX Century.
Quotations and references
  • Short quotations should be indicated by single quotation marks, with double quotation marks for quotation material within the quote. A full stop (or other punctuation) follows the reference for the quote – e.g. ‘… is the most decisive and important’. – unless there is also a full top (or other punctuation) within the quote.
  • For quotes of five lines or more, indent and separate from the paragraph by one centimetre.
  • Use […] to denote shortened sentences: e.g. ‘[…] is the way that the Commission works […] and understanding the institution is necessary’.
  • Use square parentheses to undertake any grammatical changes to quotations: e.g. ‘but the original study argued that “[t]he following exercise is unfeasible”.’
  • Add the hyperlink in parentheses next to the relevant sentence or key word in the text.
  • All foreign words must be in italics, including Latin terms like a priori, ad hoc and raison d’être.
  • All book titles, newspapers, magazine and journals mentioned in-text should be in italics.
Titles and subtitles
  • Apart from the first word, titles should not be capitalised.
  • Only ‘Telegrams’ can have subheadings, but these should be short (and emboldened) and use lower case letters apart from the first word.
  • Figures, graphs, tables and illustrations can be used: simply position them in the text.
  • Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce figures, graphs, tables and illustrations used elsewhere and must provide evidence that they can be reused.
  • Ensure any figures, graphs, tables and illustrations submitted are of the highest possible quality and resolution.
  • References to figures, graphs, tables and illustrations must be accompanied in-text with a numbered heading (e.g. Figure 1) and a corresponding hyperlink in parentheses.
  • Capitalise all titles, e.g. the President, the Prime Minister, the Foreign Secretary.
Geographical names
  • Capitalise politically defined or geographically named locations, e.g. South America, the West, South-East Asia, the Eastern Neighbourhood.